Art Nouveau developed out of the Arts & Crafts era. Most historical buildings considered Art Nouveau are located in France and Belgium, but movements in other countries shared both the aesthetic and tenants of the style. The first of these was Mackintosh style (also sometimes referred to as the Glasgow School, due to its relationship with the Glasgow School of Architecture) out of Glasgow, Scotland.
This movement was headed by Charles Rennie Mackintosh, a Scottish architect and designer who developed a style that drew from both the Arts & Crafts and Art Nouveau movements. Although Mackintosh had a short design career, he is well known in design circles as a modern architecture pioneer.
Mackintosh formed the design group, The Four, which consisted of his wife Margaret Macdonald, her sister Frances and Herbert MacNair. The Four developed an entire space, from the light fixtures to the carpets to the furniture. His commercial structures even included a specialized font.
Mackintosh light fixture + Michael Graves chandelier
Similar to Frank Lloyd Wright and Greene & Greene, Mackintosh and his design group created light fixtures, furniture and textiles for his residential projects. Michael Graves is a modern architect known not only for his public buildings, but also for his lighting designs.
DRAMATIC GRAPHICAL INTERIORS
Mackinstosh’s Bessett-Lowke Home + This Modern Kitchen
Mackintosh and Macdonald were known for their use of dramatic dark walls and geometric patterns.
This modern apartment includes a graphic ceiling to separate the kitchen from the living space, dark wood cabinets and a unique turned-leg and mirrored island.