18th century english architecture // DESIGN HISTORY

The 18th Century English architecture movement brought about a number of key styles that are still recognizable today:

  • Queen Anne style – influenced by the French Baroque and Italian Palladian styles
  • Early Georgian style – influenced by French Régence
  • Mid Georgian style – influenced by French Rococo
  • Late Georgian style – during the time of the American and French revolutionary wars and influenced by French Neo classical, Directoire and Empire
  • English Regency style

WOOD PANELED WALLS

Nether Lypiatt Manor House + Annabelle Seldorf-designed NYC home

During the Queen Anne period, walls were often covered from floor to ceiling with wood paneling, especially in office and library spaces.

Modern paneling, like this home in New York one of the walls in the master suite is covered with panels of stained oak.

“EXOTIC” ACCENTS

Badminton Bed + Private Home

Increased trade, travel and the rise of colonialism brought new designs to England, many interpretations of classic Asian designs and materials.  Throughout the Georgian period, chinoiserie or decorations inspired by things from “abroad” were very common.

This modern example is covered in monks’ robes, that were purchased in Bhutan by the interior designer, displaying things purchased from abroad. 

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“EXOTIC” MATERIALS

18th Century English Chair + Anthropologie Chair

In keeping with the interest in all things from the East, chairs carved to appear like bamboo were very common from the late-Georgian through the Regency period.

This chair from Anthropologie has also been carved to appear like bamboo, but updated with white paint and upholstered seat.

ADAM-STYLE NEO-CLASSIC INTERIOR

Etruscan Room at Osterly Park + Miles Redd interior

Robert Adam was a British neo-classical architect, interior designer and furniture designer.  He worked under Piranesi in Rome and then returned to England to create his signature style.  He rejected Palladian, but still looked toward the antiquities for inspiration.  This lead to a style marked by the use of decorative elements similar to Rococo but drawing more from classic Roman designs. 

The walls in this living room are covered with fanciful wallpaper in light blue, bringing back the feeling of a Robert Adam interior in a Neo-classical home.  The large mirror is similar to those in the earlier Georgian periods, but painted in white it is also reminiscent of Robert Adam.

GREEK REVIVAL INTERIOR

Kirtlington Park + Supperclub Restaurant in Amsterdam

Increased travel and movement throughout Europe also brought back an interest in Ancient Greek and Roman cultures.

The interior of this Amsterdam restaurant changes hue to complement the dishes being served.  The ceiling designs, pilasters and projections on the walls are all Greek revival with an update, much like the interiors at Kirtlington Park.

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